Spring Flowers: Lotus

Scientific Classification

Kingdom:     Plantae
(unranked):     Angiosperms
(unranked):     Eudicots
Order:        Proteales
Family:        Nelumbonaceae
Genus:        Nelumbo
Species:        N. nucifera
Binomial name:       Nelumbo nucifera

The lotus is an aquatic perennial flower. At times we mistake it for the water-lily, The structure of the lotus is perceptibly different. The colors of the lotus are either white or pink. On the contrary, the lily appears in several colors. The roots stay fixed in the river or pond soil and the leaves float on the surface. In the reports given by certain researchers, the lotus can  control its own temperature, similar to animals and human beings.

There is normally a fallacy considering lotus as a water-lily (Nymphaea) that is a totally different plant.  When you look into the middle of the flower, there is a distinct round seed pod in the flower Nelumbo nucifera which is absent in the water lily.

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Growing lotus flower plants in the interior water garden gives you a lot of pleasure.


The lotus plant, native to Australia and South Asia, is an aquatic perennial; it usually grows in water gardens. The roots of the plant are steadfastly rooted in the mud and the flowers fasten themselves to the lengthy stems emerging from the roots. The flower of the lotus is always seen above the surface of the water and the leaves occasionally. The attractive and sweet-scented lotus flower blooms in the morning and their petals drop in the afternoon.


Lotus Flower

Preparation for Planting

Take a pot of diameter 18 inches and depth 8 inches, ensure that it has no holes for drainage.

Add to your pot heavy loam and pond plant potting mix. Then add 3 inches of soil to the pot.

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Ensure that your tuber is whitish to gray in color and firm, keep the tuber over the soil and put 1 inch soil over it.

Fill the excess space with water to a depth of 3 – 4 inches.

When the leaves start showing out,  add a water garden fertilizer tablet round the plant in the water and repeat this process once in 3 weeks.


When you are initiating planting, in the beginning,  keep the pot slightly under the surface and slowly keep lowering it as and when the lotus grows. Once the plant settles, let the pot remain at the  required depth.

While planting the aquatic plants, consider the depth because if it is too high the hardy plants get frozen in winter and if too low the tender plants will not receive sufficient sunlight. As for water lilies they favor a maximum of 18 inches and a minimum of 4 inches below the surface.

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During spring add more garden fertilizer every fortnight.

In order to retain the health of your plants discard the leaves once they are yellow or dead.

Every alternate year,  re-pot your plant by removing all the dead tubers and add fresh soil around the good tubers.

After Bloom Care

Healthy maintenance schedule: discard the faded yellow and withered leaves to keep the health of your plant.

As Cut Flowers

Lotus Flower

Photo by: H. Zell

Unlike the traditional flowers such as carnations, tulips, roses and lilies, lotus is not popular as a cut flower. You can use these flowers for flower arrangements because, immediately you cut them,  the petals drop.  Many people use the buds for their floral displays,  sometimes going up to even hundreds  for a single arrangement.

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