Tortoises

Radiated Tortoise

Scientific Classification

Kingdom:   Animalia
Phylum:     Chordata
Class:      Sauropsida
Order:       Testudines
Suborder:       Cryptodira
Family:    Testudinidae
Genus:     Astrochelys
Species:     A. radiate
Binomial name:     Astrochelys radiate

One can only rarely see a radiated tortoise Astrochelys Radiate  belonging  to the endangered species,  but they are very good pets. They belong to the family Testudinidae and  are usually of reasonable size, and enjoy long lives. The easiest method to spot the turtles is by their ornamental shells, even though you might occasionally confuse them  with the tiny star tortoises.

 

Anatomy

Radiated Tortoise

The radiated tortoise usually has a carapace with a high dome, of maximum length 16 inches or 41 cm.  They weigh about 35 lbs (16kg). They are popular across the globe for their beauty, and even though their average life is usually 40-50 years, some live up to 200 years. The blunt head, elephantine feet as well as the legs are yellow in color. A few varieties tend to have a black patch on the top of their  heads.

They have a bright ornamental carapace is with yellow bands, generating from the midpoint of the dark colored shell plate  and this is the reason, why they call them radiated tortoise. The star shaped decoration, is more prominently defined than the other varieties of star patterned tortoises.

 

Behavior

The radiated tortoise usually prefers to lead a remote life, even though you may  seldom see them  feeding  or resting together especially during the breeding season. These tortoises have the capability to adjust themselves to the varying seasons (from arid weather to heavy rainfall). They say that you can find them dancing in the rain. They emit a booming noise to scare off their predators.

 

Habitat

Only the Southwestern and extreme Southern regions of the Madagascar Islands are ideal habitats for these Radiated tortoises.   Someone has introduced them to Reunion, an Island nearby.

These animals excel in the woodlands, thorn forests (Diderae) and the dry thorn brush regions of the Southern part of Madagascar.

As a Pet

Radiated Tortoise

Breeding

The radiated tortoise generally mates as soon as they grow, about half of the size attained by a matured adult. The males bob their head, vertically, towards the female. After mating, the females dig the nest, in the field, laying about 5 eggs. They can lay maximum 10 lays. The incubation period lasts for 4-7 months, and then the young hatchlings come out, with a length of 3-4cm.

Housing

The radiating tortoise comes from the hot and humid climate of the southern part of Madagascar. If you keep them at home, the room must be warm and comfortable enough, providing them ample space to walk and move. Usually, a matured tortoise requires minimum eight by four foot space, and hence many of the tortoise owners,  create a room outside their house to keep the pets. Other owners, use special tables for turtles, with borders and barriers to prevent the pets from climbing out and some keep huge plastic storage containers instead of the valuable fish tanks.

If you are planning to keep your pet outside your house, make sure that the temperature is about 60 degrees Fahrenheit, as it is very crucial to allow ample sunlight for the tortoises to live comfortably during the warm months. You should provide heat, lighting, as well as a cool zone for them to relax. Abundant amount of water and mud must be supplied, so that they can roll around. Cypress mulch is ideal to offer perfect bedding as it can retain natural water. However, one must rake care that they do not ingest it for it can have an adverse effect.

It is needless to say that the room must be safe and secure from wild animals. In order to prevent raccoons or birds from disturbing the tortoises, one may put up screens with borders caved in, so that no animals can burrow through  the pen.

Food

Being herbivorous, you must supply the radiated tortoises with fresh vegetables, green grasses, cactus leaves (without spines) and the like. Do not feed them  flesh or other items rich in protein. Orchard grass, alfalfa, Timothy hay, fescue, Bermuda grass or rye grass are common food items. Kale, escarole, mustard greens, parsley and all other fresh greens having a decent proportion of calcium-phosphorous ratio can serve the purpose as well. Otherwise, your pet might become a choosy eater.

Supplying abundant calcium inside the body is very vital, and thus you must sprinkle calcium powder to dust the veggies often. You can also give them a little quantity of fruits. Keep in mind, that the radiated tortoises have an affinity for reddish colored fruits.

Handling

Radiated Tortoise

As mentioned earlier, the radiated tortoises are very beautiful and attractive, look-wise as well as personality-wise. Since they are solitary in nature, and not very extrovert, they seek special attention from the keepers.

 

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