Snakes

Garden Snake

Scientific Classification

  • Kingdom:   Animalia
  • Phylum:     Chordata
  • Subphylum:     Vertebrata
  • Class:      Reptilia
  • Order:        Squamata
  • Suborder:        Serpentes
  • Family:        Colubridae
  • Subfamily:        Natricinae
  • Genus:        Thamnophis

The Garden Snake does  not really exist. Indeed! The name garden snakes are not really used commonly by the scientists or rather people who are somewhat educated in the entire reptile area of studies. So, possibly the men who were  trying to name things according to convenience allotted this name to these snakes. Anyway, here is some information about garden snakes which will help you to learn a little better.

Garden Snakes are quite common in areas of North America and there exist many varieties and subspecies of these snakes. They are all thin and posses long stripes on their bodies which run along with their spine, in the very middle,  or they might have a stripe usually running along the side or the length of the body.

The most commonly known Garden Snakes are the non-poisonous ones you know as the Eastern Garter Snake. This species is very common and you can find them throughout the entire America. They can probably live in every possible climate and do not require much of maintenance. They love marshy lands which include areas having ponds, wetlands, forests, fields and even your own personal garden. Since they are really small, they are able to squeeze in and can easily defy the naked eyes of the human. But there is nothing to worry about because they will not harm you if you do not harm them.

Anatomy

Detailed Article about Garden Snake

Garter Snake – Photo by: Blaine Hansel

Such species of snakes are usually  2 to 3 feet long, but there have been times when one has seen such a snake to have grown to a size of around 4 feet. The Garden snakes have quite the similar biology as the majority of the snakes that can be found along the North America. The color of a garden snake is usually very dark and earthy which might have a tan or even red, yellow or green stripes running down the middle part of its body. To many, the rattlesnakes resemble the garden snakes a lot, but the major difference between them being that a Garden snake is much smaller and thinner than the rattlesnake; their color/ body patterns are also  completely different. They are unlike a rattlesnake that never have  stripes on their body; the head is  not broad and the garden snake’s tail does not rattle. So basically  a garden snake looks nothing like those poisonous kinds  snakes available around the world.

Habitat

Detailed Article about Garden Snake

Garter Snake – Photo by: Steve Jurvetson

Garden snakes are very common throughout the North America and it is also available throughout the world. They are easily spotted in the United States area and one can easily say that it is the most common sort of snake available around the world. It is very hard to pinpoint the exact sort of environment that a garden snake prefers as they tend to love a variety of environments.

You can usually define Garter snakes as small and very quick non-poisonous creatures. They have a great reputation as the great escape artists. Since they are very tiny in form, they can easily escape through any small hole or opening. They are easily scared and become very rough to handle at the very beginning, but with time, they change their attitude and tend to relax a bit more. Like any other snakes, Garter snake too will secrete a smelly liquid from their cloaca when they are threatened and will coil back or really strike.

As a Pet

 Breeding

Detailed Article about Garden Snake

Garter Snake – Photo by: Jason Quinn

Garden snakes, before mating, enter into a stage called  brumation. This is the phase, where they will usually stop eating for around two weeks, so that their stomach is completely empty and they keep it clean and clear for their mating purposes. The male snakes will often finish their brumation first and patiently wait for their female partners to be done with their process. Once they have completed this part, the males will tend to mate with as many females as they are able. It only takes around two or three months for the baby snake to be born and the time depends on the number of snakes being born at the same time. The range may vary from around 3 to 80 snakes being born at one single go. At the very birth, the baby snake will start its life independent of their mother. The record for the maximum number of snakes born at the same time in a liter stands at 98.

Housing

You should arrange a cage that is neither too large or too small for your pet snake. Because, if the cage is too large they will feel exposed and absolutely insecure. While again, if the cage is too small, it will not get the required amount of space and this will adversely affect their health. The best way to calculate the size of the cage is to make sure that the length plus the width of the cage is more or less lager than the total length of the snake itself.

You must ensure that the cages are absolutely leakproof and devoid of any sorts of holes. The lids on the other hand, must be very secure because,  believe it or not, a snake as tiny as that can push off any lid in an attempt to escape. Now, these snakes might not have the muscle strength as that of a boa or any other heavy snakes, but they have their tricks and that make them great escape artists.

Food

Unless you acquire a garter snake that lives on mice and take in  enough protein, you need to really provide the pet with a varied range of diet. Mice have enough nutrition for a snake to survive, but a snake must have enough of every sort of nutrition available for them to live a healthy life. You can feed a young garter snake with a combination of earthworms, appropriately sized, so that the snake is able to eat them with convenience. You can even give the snake a good meal of fish fillet, which will somewhat suffice.

 

Handling

Garter snakes are usually very docile in nature and do not mind being handled. All you would need to do is pick them up and they will do the rest of the ‘exploring’.

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